Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has accused the West of lacking courage as his country fights to stave off Russia’s invasion, making an exasperated plea for fighter jets and tanks to sustain a defence in a conflict that has ground into a war of attrition.
“I’ve talked to the defenders of Mariupol today. I’m in constant contact with them. Their determination, heroism and firmness are astonishing,” Mr Zelenskyy said in a video address early Sunday, referring to the besieged southern city that has suffered some of the war’s greatest deprivations and horrors.
“If only those who have been thinking for 31 days on how to hand over dozens of jets and tanks had 1 per cent of their courage.”
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, reaching its 32nd day on Sunday, has stalled in many areas, its aim to quickly encircle the capital, Kyiv, and force its surrender faltering in the face of staunch Ukrainian resistance — bolstered by weapons from the US and other Western allies.
Britain’s Defence Ministry said Russia’s troops looked to be trying to encircle Ukrainian forces directly facing the two separatist-held areas in the country’s east. That would cut the bulk of Ukraine’s military off from the rest of the country.
Moscow claims its focus is on wresting from Ukraine the entirety of the eastern Donbas region, which has been partially controlled by Russia-backed separatists since 2014. A high-ranking Russian military official said Friday that troops were being redirected to the east from other parts of the country.
The leader of one of the separatist-controlled areas of Donbas said on Sunday that he wants to hold a vote on joining Russia, words that could indicate a shift in Russia’s position.
Leonid Pasechnik, the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic, said it plans to hold a referendum on becoming part of Russia “in the nearest time”.
Russia has supported the separatist rebels in Luhansk and neighbouring Donetsk since an insurgency erupted there in 2014, shortly after Moscow annexed the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine.
In talks with Ukraine so far, Moscow has urged Kyiv to acknowledge the independence of Donetsk and Luhansk.
Ukraine says that to defeat Russia, it needs fighter jets and not just the missiles and other defensive weapons supplied so far by the West.
A proposal to transfer Polish planes to Ukraine via the United States was scrapped amid NATO concerns about getting drawn into a military conflict with Russia.
In his pointed remarks, Mr Zelenskyy accused Western governments of being “afraid to prevent this tragedy. Afraid to simply make a decision.”
“So, who is in charge of the Euro-Atlantic community? Is it still Moscow, thanks to its scare tactics?” he said.
“Our partners must step up their aid to Ukraine.”
His plea was echoed by a priest in the western city of Lviv, which was struck by rockets on Saturday. The aerial assault illustrated that Moscow, despite recent assertions that it intends to shift the war eastward, is willing to strike anywhere in Ukraine.
“When diplomacy doesn’t work, we need military support,” said the Reverend Yuri Vaskiv, who on Sunday reported fewer parishioners than usual in the pews of his Greek Catholic church, likely because of their fear.
“This evil is from him, and we must stop it,” he said, Referring to Mr Putin.
Russian Defence Ministry spokesman Major General Igor Konashenkov confirmed that Russian forces used air-launched cruise missiles to hit a fuel depot and a defence plant in Lyiv.
He said another strike with sea-launched missiles destroyed a depot with air defence missiles in Plesetske, just west of Ukraine’s capital, Kyiv.
The strikes came as Mr Biden wrapped up a visit to Poland, where he met Ukraine’s Foreign and Defence ministers, visited US troops and saw refugees from the war.
Before leaving, he delivered a forceful and highly personal condemnation of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“For God’s sake, this man cannot remain in power,” Mr Biden said.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov denounced the remark, saying “It’s not up to the president of the US and not up to the Americans to decide who will remain in power in Russia.”
US officials quickly stressed that Mr Biden was not calling for an immediate change in government in Moscow.
“We do not have a strategy of regime change in Russia, or anywhere else, for that matter,” Secretary of State Antony Blinken said during a visit to Israel.
“In this case, as in any case, it’s up to the people of the country in question. It’s up to the Russian people.”
A chemical smell still lingered in the air on Sunday as firefighters in Lviv, about 72km from the Polish border, trained hoses on flames and black smoke pouring from oil storage tanks hit in the Russian attack.
A security guard at the site, Yaroslav Prokopiv, said he saw three rockets strike and destroy two oil tanks but no one was hurt.
“The third strike threw me to the ground,” he said.
Russia’s back-to-back airstrikes shook the city that has become a haven for an estimated 200,000 people who have fled bombarded towns and cities.
Lviv, which has largely been spared bombardment, also has been a way-station for most of the 3.8 million refugees who have left Ukraine since Russia invaded on February 24.
In the dim, crowded bomb shelter under an apartment block a short way from the first blast site, Olana Ukrainets, a 34-year-old IT professional, said she couldn’t believe she had to hide again after fleeing from the north-eastern city of Kharkiv, one of the most bombarded cities of the war.
“We were on one side of the street and saw it on the other side,” she said.
“We saw fire. I said to my friend, ‘What’s this?’ Then we heard the sound of an explosion and glass breaking.”
In his video address, Mr Zelenskyy angrily warned Moscow that it was sowing a deep hatred for Russia among the Ukrainian people, as constant artillery barrages and aerial bombings are reducing cities to rubble, killing civilians and driving others into shelters, leaving them to scrounge for food and water to survive.
“You are doing everything so that our people themselves leave the Russian language, because the Russian language will now be associated only with you, with your explosions and murders, your crimes,” Mr Zelenskyy said.
A nuclear research facility in Kharkiv, Ukraine’s second-largest city, again came under fire on Saturday. Ukraine’s nuclear watchdog said that because of ongoing hostilities it was impossible to assess the extent of the damage.
Kharkiv, which is close to the Russian border, has been besieged by Russian forces since the start of the invasion and has come under repeated shelling that has hit residential buildings and critical infrastructure.
Ukrainian authorities have previously reported that Russian shelling had damaged buildings at the facility, but there had been no release of radiation. The International Atomic Energy Agency has said the nuclear material in the facility is always subcritical and the inventory of radioactive material is very low, reducing the risks of radiation release.
Along with the 3.8 million people who have fled Ukraine, the invasion has driven more than 10 million people from their homes, almost a quarter of Ukraine’s population. Thousands of civilians are believed to have